# How do you know if an argument is valid?

## How do you know if an argument is valid?

First, one must ask if the premises provide support for the conclusion by examing the form of the argument. If they do, then the argument is valid. Then, one must ask whether the premises are true or false in actuality. Only if an argument passes both these tests is it sound.

### When is a deductive argument said to be invalid?

Otherwise, a deductive argument is said to be invalid. A deductive argument is sound if and only if it is both valid, and all of its premises are actually true. Otherwise, a deductive argument is unsound.

When is a diagram of the premises is not valid?

NOTE : Whenever a diagram of the premises of an argument produces exactly three shaded regions, the argument is not valid. Exactly three shaded regions indicates that there is a fallacy of distribution. Similarly, if a diagram of the premises indicates 2 or more populated regions, then the argument is not valid. All philosophers are logical.

When is the argument of a Venn diagram not valid?

NO. Region 4 of the diagram is not shaded (not empty) so it is possible that there is an S that is not a P. Accordingly, the argument is NOT VALID. NOTE : Whenever a diagram of the premises of an argument produces exactly three shaded regions, the argument is not valid. Exactly three shaded regions indicates that there is a fallacy of distribution.

Valid: an argument is valid if and only if it is necessary that if all of the premises are true, then the conclusion is true; if all the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true; it is impossible that all the premises are true and the conclusion is false.

## How do I know if an argument is valid or invalid?

A deductive argument is said to be valid if and only if it takes a form that makes it impossible for the premises to be true and the conclusion nevertheless to be false. Otherwise, a deductive argument is said to be invalid.

### What is a valid argument in critical thinking?

CRITICAL THINKING. An argument is VALID if, when ALL the premises are true, the conclusion needs to be true as well.

What does it mean to say that an argument is valid?

An argument is valid =df If all the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true. 2. An argument is valid =df It is impossible for all the premises to be true but the conclusion false.

What does one need to strengthen his argument?

When you need to build an argument, use the seven C’s to develop and support a position about a specific topic:

• Consider the situation.
• Clarify your thinking.
• Construct a claim.
• Collect evidence.
• Consider key objections.
• Craft your argument.
• Confirm your main point.

## How do you identify weaknesses in an argument?

If an argument is weak, you’d be better off throwing a coin to know if the conclusion is true, and that’s far from succeeding in providing reasons for a conclusion. So if the conclusion is unlikely to be true when the premises are true, then the argument is weak. Game over.

### Can a valid argument have all false premises but a true conclusion?

TRUE. By definition, a valid argument cannot have a false conclusion and all true premises. So if a valid argument has a false conclusion it must have some false premise.

Can an argument be valid but not good?

‘Valid’ does not necessarily mean good or bad. It just means succeeding in establishing conclusive support for its conclusion. Of course, the premises of this argument are false. But claiming that an argument is valid is not to claim that the premises are true.

How many claims must an argument include?

And since an argument requires premises, an argument must claim that at least one statement presents true reasons or evidence for accepting the conclusion.

## How do you fix a critical argument?

To repair the argument, we must be able to supply a premise to make the argument valid….To repair a person’s argument is to assume the following:

1. That the person knows about the subject under discussion.
2. That the person is able and willing to reason well.
3. That the person is not lying.

### How do you describe a weak argument?

A weak argument is a non-deductive argument that fails to provide probable support for its conclusion.

What are some examples of deductive arguments?

Examples of deductive logic:

• All men are mortal. Joe is a man. Therefore Joe is mortal.
• Bachelors are unmarried men. Bill is unmarried. Therefore, Bill is a bachelor.
• To get a Bachelor’s degree at Utah Sate University, a student must have 120 credits. Sally has more than 130 credits.

When do we need to know if an argument is valid?

When we give arguments, the reasons, or premises we give need to support the conclusion. Or in other words, we need to know that the conclusion is true. The way we can see if the conclusion is true, is to check to see if the argument is valid. If the argument is invalid, then we cannot know the conclusion.

## Can a valid argument have a false premise?

Since we can look at the logic of the argument alone to test validity, an argument can have obviously false premises, even a false conclusion, yet still be valid. Take a look at this argument: Clearly neither premise is true and the conclusion isn’t true either.

### Why is the conclusion of an argument invalid?

Both premises are true, and the conclusion is true, but the argument is actually invalid. This is because there are things other than humans that will eventually die, such as animals and plants. And this how you can demonstrate an argument’s invalidity, which is called a counterexample.

When is an argument considered to be deductively valid?

deductively valid or deductively invalid. An argument is deductively valid if and only if it is impossible for the premises to be true and the conclusion false. In other words, assuming the premises of an argument are true, the conclusion must be true.

Is the argument valid if the premises are true?

But the argument is valid: if the premises are true, so is the conclusion. Pure Hypothetical Syllogism:

Both premises are true, and the conclusion is true, but the argument is actually invalid. This is because there are things other than humans that will eventually die, such as animals and plants. And this how you can demonstrate an argument’s invalidity, which is called a counterexample.

## When is an argument valid in the logic L?

An argument is valid in L (a logic named ‘L’) only if the conclusion is derivable from the premises, the axioms of L, and the inference rules of L. An argument is valid in L only if the conclusion is true in all possible worlds in which the premises are true. This can be formalized, but I don’t want to lose y… Loading… Good question.