Can you have a negative Pap smear and still have cervical cancer?
Introduction: While Papanicolaou (Pap) smears have resulted in a significant decline in cervical cancer incidence and mortality, our clinical experience indicates some women still present with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) despite having received Pap smear screening.
What cancers cause abnormal Pap?
Abnormal Pap test results: An abnormal test result may also be called a positive test result. An abnormal test result does not mean you have cervical cancer. Possible abnormal findings on a Pap test include ASC-US, AGC, LSIL, ASC-H, HSIL, AIS, or cervical cancer.
Do Pap smears always catch cervical cancer?
The HPV DNA test may be used to determine the frequency of Pap test screening based upon national guidelines. It’s important to understand that abnormal Pap test results are common, and that test abnormalities such as precancerous cells do not always indicate cervical cancer.
How accurate are Pap smears in detecting cervical cancer?
Although Pap tests may not always be accurate, they are one of the most effective cancer prevention tools a woman can utilize to stay healthy. In fact, the Pap test is largely responsible for a 70 percent decrease in cervical cancer deaths in the United States in the past 50 years.
What color is discharge with cervical cancer?
If cervical cancer lacks oxygen, some cells may die off, infecting the tumor. The infection creates a foul smelling vaginal discharge, which serves as another sign of cervical cancer. This continuous discharge may be pale, watery, brown, or mixed with blood.
When to do a Pap test after cervical cancer treatment?
During follow-up visits. Regular Pap tests are done after treatment for cervical cancer. Samples are taken from remaining portions of the cervix or from the vagina. Pap tests may not be done for the first year after surgery or radiation therapy because cell and tissue changes from these treatments can make the results hard to correctly understand.
What to do if you think you have cervical cancer?
Pap test: (or Pap smear) An exam used to scrape cells off the cervix so that they can be tested for cancer and pre-cancer. Cervical biopsy: In a biopsy, the doctor takes out a small piece of tissue to check it for cancer cells.
Why did my Pap test come back normal?
“I [didn’t think I had] any of the demographic background that would normally be a flag for cervical cancer.” But at the age of 43, she noticed some unexpected bleeding. Her doctor ran some tests, including a Pap test to screen for cervical cancer that came back normal, and the doctor passed off the bleeding as a symptom of perimenopause.
What does a positive HPV test mean for cervical cancer?
Likewise, HPV test results can either be “positive,” meaning that a patient’s cervical cells are infected with one or more of a group of high-risk HPV types (which is what most commercially available HPV tests detect), or “negative,” indicating that none of the high-risk HPV types were found.
What does a negative Pap test mean for cervical cancer?
In rare cases, an abnormal Pap test can show that you may have cancer. You will need other tests to be sure. The earlier you find cervical cancer, the easier it is to treat. An HPV test result can be positive or negative. A negative HPV test means you do not have an HPV type that is linked to cervical cancer.
What can I do to reduce my risk of cervical cancer?
Two screening tests can help prevent cervical cancer or find it early—. The Pap test (or Pap smear) looks for precancers, cell changes on the cervix that might become cervical cancer if they are not treated appropriately. The HPV test looks for the virus (human papillomavirus) that can cause these cell changes.
What happens if your pap test comes back positive?
Will I Need More Tests? If the results of your Pap test come back positive, that means your doctor found abnormal or unusual cells on your cervix. It doesn’t mean you have cervical cancer. Most often, the abnormal test result means there have been cell changes caused by the human papilloma virus ( HPV ).
What does it mean if your cervical cancer is normal?
This means— Your cervical cells are normal, but you have HPV. You may fight off HPV naturally and never get cell changes. Or you may not fight off HPV, and HPV could cause cell changes in the future. Most women fight off HPV within two years. It is not known why most women fight off HPV and some do not.